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In Academic radiology

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES : To develop and validate multivariate models integrating endoscopic biopsy, tumor markers, computed tomography (CT) morphological characteristics based on late arterial phase (LAP), and CT value-related and texture parameters to predict lymph node (LN) metastasis in gastric cancers (GCs).

MATERIALS AND METHODS : The preoperative differentiation degree based on biopsy, 6 tumor markers, 8 CT morphological characteristics based on LAP, 18 CT value-related parameters, and 35 CT texture parameters of 163 patients (111 men and 52 women) with GC were analyzed retrospectively. The differences in parameters between N (-) and N (+) GCs were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test. Diagnostic performance was obtained by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Multivariate models based on regression analysis and machine learning algorithms were performed to improve diagnostic efficacy.

RESULTS : The differentiation degree, carbohydrate antigen (CA) 199 and CA242, 5 CT morphological characteristics, and 22 CT texture parameters showed significant differences between N (-) and N (+) GCs in the primary cohort (all p < 0.05). The multivariate model integrating clinicopathological parameters and radiographic findings based on regression analysis achieved areas under the ROC curve (AUCs) of 0.936 and 0.912 in the primary and validation cohorts, respectively. The model generated by the support vector machine algorithm achieved AUCs of 0.914 and 0.948, respectively.

CONCLUSION : We developed and validated multivariate models integrating endoscopic biopsy, tumor markers, CT morphological characteristics based on LAP, and CT texture parameters to predict LN metastasis in GCs and achieved satisfactory performance.

Liu Song, Qiao Xiangmei, Xu Mengying, Ji Changfeng, Li Lin, Zhou Zhengyang


Biomarkers, Tumor, Endoscopy, Lymph nodes, Stomach neoplasms, Tomography, X-ray Computed