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In Best practice & research. Clinical endocrinology & metabolism

Accurate classification of postsurgical remission, and early recognition of recurrence are crucial to timely treat and prevent excess mortality in Cushing's Disease, yet the criteria used to define remission are variable and there is no consensus to define recurrence. Remission is defined as postsurgical hypocortisolemia, but delayed remission may occur. Recurrence is the return of clinical manifestations with biochemical evidence of hypercortisolism. The proper combination of tests and their timing are controversial. Reliable predicting tools may lead to earlier diagnosis upon recurrence. Many factors have been studied independently for prediction with variable performance. Novel artificial intelligence approaches seek to integrate these variables into risk calculators and machine-learning algorithms with an acceptable short-term predictive performance but lack longer-term accuracy. Prospective studies using these approaches are needed. This review summarizes the evidence behind the definitions of remission and recurrence and provide an overview of the available tools to predict and/or diagnose them.

Hinojosa-Amaya José Miguel, Cuevas-Ramos Daniel


Cushing, Cushing’s disease, hypercortisolism, pituitary, recurrence, remission