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In Frontiers in oncology

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) may increase the resection rate of breast cancer and shows promising effects on patient prognosis. It has become a necessary treatment choice and is widely used in the clinical setting. Benefitting from the clinical information obtained during NAC treatment, computational methods can improve decision-making by evaluating and predicting treatment responses using a multidisciplinary approach, as there are no uniformly accepted protocols for all institutions for adopting different treatment regiments. In this study, 166 Chinese breast cancer cases were collected from patients who received NAC treatment at the First Bethune Hospital of Jilin University. The Miller-Payne grading system was used to evaluate the treatment response. Four machine learning multiple classifiers were constructed to predict the treatment response against the 26 features extracted from the patients' clinical data, including Random Forest (RF) model, Convolution Neural Network (CNN) model, Support Vector Machine (SVM) model, and Logistic Regression (LR) model, where the RF model achieved the best performance using our data. To allow a more general application, the models were reconstructed using only six selected features, and the RF model achieved the highest performance with 54.26% accuracy. This work can efficiently guide optimal treatment planning for breast cancer patients.

Song Dong, Man Xiaxia, Jin Meng, Li Qian, Wang Han, Du Ye

2020

breast cancer, decision-making, multiple classification, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, treatment efficacy prediction