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In Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering

Model Observers (MO) are algorithms designed to evaluate and optimize the parameters of new medical imaging reconstruction methodologies by providing a measure of human accuracy for a diagnostic task. In contrast with a computer-aided diagnosis system, MOs are not designed to outperform human diagnosis but only to find a defect if a radiologist would be able to detect it. These algorithms can economize and expedite the finding of optimal reconstruction parameters by reducing the number of sessions with expert radiologists, which are costly and prolonged. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN or ConvNet) have been successfully used in the computer vision field for image classification, segmentation and video analytics. In this paper, we propose and test several U-Net configurations as MO for a defect localization task on synthetic images with different levels of correlated noisy backgrounds. Preliminary results show that the CNN based MO has potential and its accuracy correlates well with that of the human.

Lorente Iris, Abbey Craig K, Brankov Jovan G


ConvNet, Model observer, U-Net, deep learning, machine learning, medical image quality assessment