Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Internal medicine journal

Machine learning is a tool for analysing digitised datasets and formulating predictions that can optimise clinical decision-making. It aims to identify complex patterns in large datasets and encode them into models that can then classify new unseen cases or make predictions on new data. Machine learning methods take several forms and individual models can be of many different types. More than 50 models have been approved for use in routine health care, and the numbers continue to grow exponentially. The reliability and robustness of any model depends on multiple factors, including the quality and quantity of the data used to develop the models, and the selection of features in the data considered most important to maximising accuracy. In ensuring models are safe, effective, and reproducible in routine care, physicians need to have some understanding of how these models are developed and evaluated, and to collaborate with data and computer scientists in their design and validation. This narrative review introduces principles, methods and examples of machine learning in a way that does not require mastery of highly complex statistical and computational concepts. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Scott Ian A