In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0
Herein, a reactor of bubble column type with non-equilibrium thermal condition between air and water is mechanistically modeled and simulated by the CFD technique. Moreover, the combination of the adaptive network (AN) trainer with the fuzzy inference system (FIS) as the artificial intelligence method calling ANFIS has already shown potential in the optimization of CFD approach. Although the artificial intelligence method of particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm based fuzzy inference system (PSOFIS) has a good background for optimizing the other fields of research, there are not any investigations on the cooperation of this method with the CFD. The PSOFIS can reduce all the difficulties and simplify the investigation by elimination of the additional CFD simulations. In fact, after achieving the best intelligence, all the predictions can be done by the PSOFIS instead of the massive computational efforts needed for CFD modeling. The first aim of this study is to develop the PSOFIS for use in the CFD approach application. The second one is to make a comparison between the PSOFIS and ANFIS for the accurate prediction of the CFD results. In the present study, the CFD data are learned by the PSOFIS for prediction of the water velocity inside the bubble column. The values of input numbers, swarm sizes, and inertia weights are investigated for the best intelligence. Once the best intelligence is achieved, there is no need to mesh refinement in the CFD domain. The mesh density can be increased, and the newer predictions can be done in an easier way by the PSOFIS with much less computational efforts. For a strong verification, the results of the PSOFIS in the prediction of the liquid velocity are compared with those of the ANFIS. It was shown that for the same fuzzy set parameters, the PSOFIS predictions are closer to the CFD in comparison with the ANFIS. The regression number (R) of the PSOFIS (0.98) was a little more than that of the ANFIS (0.97). The PSOFIS showed a powerful potential in mesh density increment from 9477 to 774,468 and accurate predictions for the new nodes independent of the CFD modeling.
Babanezhad Meisam, Behroyan Iman, Nakhjiri Ali Taghvaie, Marjani Azam, Rezakazemi Mashallah, Heydarinasab Amir, Shirazian Saeed