In Health informatics journal ; h5-index 25.0
Extracting information from unstructured clinical text is a fundamental and challenging task in medical informatics. Our study aims to construct a natural language processing (NLP) workflow to extract information from Chinese electronic dental records (EDRs) for clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). We extracted attributes, attribute values, and tooth positions based on an existing ontology from EDRs. A workflow integrating deep learning with keywords was constructed, in which vectors representing texts were unsupervised learned. Specifically, we implemented Sentence2vec to learn sentence vectors and Word2vec to learn word vectors. For attribute recognition, we calculated similarity values among sentence vectors and extracted attributes based on our selection strategy. For attribute value recognition, we expanded the keyword database by calculating similarity values among word vectors to select keywords. Performance of our workflow with the hybrid method was evaluated and compared with keyword-based method and deep learning method. In both attribute and value recognition, the hybrid method outperforms the other two methods in achieving high precision (0.94, 0.94), recall (0.74, 0.82), and F score (0.83, 0.88). Our NLP workflow can efficiently structure narrative text from EDRs, providing accurate input information and a solid foundation for further data-based CDSSs.
Chen Qingxiao, Zhou Xuesi, Wu Ji, Zhou Yongsheng
Sentence2vec, Word2vec, deep learning, electronic dental records, information extraction