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In Japanese journal of radiology

PURPOSE : To evaluate the usefulness of the deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) to enhance the image quality of abdominal CT, compared to iterative reconstruction technique.

METHOD : Pre and post-contrast abdominal CT images in 50 patients were reconstructed with 2 different algorithms: hybrid iterative reconstruction (hybrid IR: ASiR-V 50%) and DLIR (TrueFidelity). Standard deviation of attenuation in normal liver parenchyma was measured as the image noise on pre and post-contrast CT. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) for the aorta, and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the liver were calculated on post-contrast CT. The overall image quality was graded on a 5-point scale ranging from 1 (poor) to 5 (excellent).

RESULTS : The image noise was significantly decreased by DLIR compared to hybrid-IR [hybrid IR, median 8.3 Hounsfield unit (HU) (interquartile range (IQR) 7.6-9.2 HU); DLIR, median 5.2 HU (IQR 4.6-5.8), P < 0.0001 for post-contrast CT]. The CNR and SNR were significantly improved by DLIR [CNR, median 4.5 (IQR 3.8-5.6) vs 7.3 (IQR 6.2-8.8), P < 0.0001; SNR, median 9.4 (IQR 8.3-10.1) vs 15.0 (IQR 13.2-16.4), P < 0.0001]. The overall image quality score was also higher for DLIR compared to hybrid-IR (hybrid IR 3.1 ± 0.6 vs DLIR 4.6 ± 0.5, P < 0.0001 for post-contrast CT).

CONCLUSIONS : Image noise, overall image quality, CNR and SNR for abdominal CT images are improved with DLIR compared to hybrid IR.

Ichikawa Yasutaka, Kanii Yoshinori, Yamazaki Akio, Nagasawa Naoki, Nagata Motonori, Ishida Masaki, Kitagawa Kakuya, Sakuma Hajime

2021-Jan-15

Abdomen, Computed tomography, Deep learning image reconstruction, Image noise, Image quality