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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

Protein kinases are receiving wide research interest, from drug perspective, due to their important roles in human body. Available kinase-inhibitor data, including crystallized structures, revealed many details about the mechanism of inhibition and binding modes. The understanding and analysis of these binding modes are expected to support the discovery of kinase-targeting drugs. The huge amounts of data made it possible to utilize computational techniques, including machine learning, to help in the discovery of kinase-targeting drugs. Machine learning gave reasonable predictions when applied to differentiate between the binding modes of kinase inhibitors, promoting a wider application in that domain. In this study, we applied machine learning supported by feature selection techniques to classify kinase inhibitors according to their binding modes. We represented inhibitors as a large number of molecular descriptors, as features, and systematically reduced these features in a multi-step manner while trying to attain high classification accuracy. Our predictive models could satisfy both goals by achieving high accuracy while utilizing at most 5% of the modeling features. The models could differentiate between binding mode types with MCC values between 0.67 and 0.92, and balanced accuracy values between 0.78 and 0.97 for independent test sets.

Abdelbaky Ibrahim, Tayara Hilal, Chong Kil To