In The Journal of veterinary medical science
The number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is growing continuously globally. In order to study pathogenesis and mechanisms, many animal models have been developed, including spontaneous, genetic, and induced models. Although each type of CKD shows disease-specific tissue changes in the early stages, tubular disorder and interstitial fibrosis histologically occur in the course of progression to end-stage renal failure. Therefore, the quantification of tubular disorder and interstitial fibrosis in CKD research using animal models is essential for measuring the degree of CKD severity and, thus, efficacy of therapeutic agents. Several strategies have been used to quantify interstitial fibrosis. Among scoring factors, renal tubular flattening can be quantitatively evaluated easily and inexpensively. However, the diagnostic value of renal tubular flattening evaluation has not been investigated previously. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the correlation between renal tubular flattening and interstitial fibrosis or renal tubular injury markers. We observed a strong correlation between the degree of tubular injury/interstitial fibrosis and renal tubular flattening in three types of mouse renal disease model. This is advantageous because rapidly advancing technologies such as artificial intelligence and image processing can be easily applied; hence, a more precise, objective, and quantitative diagnosis should be possible in the future.
Takahashi Yuki, Watanabe Masaki, Hiura Koki, Isobe Ai, Sasaki Hayato, Sasaki Nobuya
interstitial fibrosis, murine kidney disease models, renal tubular flattening, renal tubular injury