In Journal of cheminformatics
In silico prediction of drug-target interactions is a critical phase in the sustainable drug development process, especially when the research focus is to capitalize on the repositioning of existing drugs. However, developing such computational methods is not an easy task, but is much needed, as current methods that predict potential drug-target interactions suffer from high false-positive rates. Here we introduce DTiGEMS+, a computational method that predicts Drug-Target interactions using Graph Embedding, graph Mining, and Similarity-based techniques. DTiGEMS+ combines similarity-based as well as feature-based approaches, and models the identification of novel drug-target interactions as a link prediction problem in a heterogeneous network. DTiGEMS+ constructs the heterogeneous network by augmenting the known drug-target interactions graph with two other complementary graphs namely: drug-drug similarity, target-target similarity. DTiGEMS+ combines different computational techniques to provide the final drug target prediction, these techniques include graph embeddings, graph mining, and machine learning. DTiGEMS+ integrates multiple drug-drug similarities and target-target similarities into the final heterogeneous graph construction after applying a similarity selection procedure as well as a similarity fusion algorithm. Using four benchmark datasets, we show DTiGEMS+ substantially improves prediction performance compared to other state-of-the-art in silico methods developed to predict of drug-target interactions by achieving the highest average AUPR across all datasets (0.92), which reduces the error rate by 33.3% relative to the second-best performing model in the state-of-the-art methods comparison.
Thafar Maha A, Olayan Rawan S, Ashoor Haitham, Albaradei Somayah, Bajic Vladimir B, Gao Xin, Gojobori Takashi, Essack Magbubah
Bioinformatics, Cheminformatics, Drug repositioning, Drug–target interaction, Graph embedding, Heterogenous network, Machine learning, Similarity integration, Similarity-based