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In Aging ; h5-index 49.0

Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal malignant tumors and is characterized by a high mortality rate. Here, we integrated whole-exome and RNA sequencing data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and investigated the mutational spectra of COAD-overexpressed genes to define clinically relevant diagnostic/prognostic signatures and to unmask functional relationships with both tumor-infiltrating immune cells and regulatory miRNAs. We identified 24 recurrently mutated genes (frequency > 5%) encoding putative COAD-specific neoantigens. Five of them (NEB, DNAH2, ABCA12, CENPF and CELSR1) had not been previously reported as COAD biomarkers. Through machine learning-based feature selection, four early-stage-related (COL11A1, TG, SOX9, and DNAH2) and four late-stage-related (COL11A1, SOX9, TG and BRCA2) candidate neoantigen-encoding genes were selected as diagnostic signatures. They respectively showed 100% and 97% accuracy in predicting early- and late-stage patients, and an 8-gene signature had excellent prognostic performance predicting disease-free survival (DFS) in COAD patients. We also found significant correlations between the 24 candidate neoantigen genes and the abundance and/or activation status of 22 tumor-infiltrating immune cell types and 56 regulatory miRNAs. Our novel neoantigen-based signatures may improve diagnostic and prognostic accuracy and help design targeted immunotherapies for COAD treatment.

Wang Chong, Xue Wenhua, Zhang Haohao, Fu Yang


colon adenocarcinoma, machine learning, neoantigens, recurrent mutations, sequencing