In Transplant international : official journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Machine learning has recently been proposed as a useful tool in many fields of Medicine, with the aim of increasing diagnostic and prognostic accuracy. Models based on machine learning have been introduced in the setting of solid organ transplantation too, where prognosis depends on a complex, multidimensional and non-linear relationship between variables pertaining to the donor, the recipient and the surgical procedure. In the setting of liver transplantation, machine learning models have been developed to predict pre-transplant survival in patients with cirrhosis, to assess the best donor-to-recipient match during allocation processes, and to foresee postoperative complications and outcomes. This is a narrative review on the role of machine learning in the field of liver transplantation, highlighting strengths and pitfalls, and future perspectives.
Ferrarese Alberto, Sartori Giuseppe, Orrù Graziella, Frigo Anna Chiara, Pelizzaro Filippo, Burra Patrizia, Senzolo Marco
acute liver failure, cirrhosis, liver transplantation, machine learning, neural network