In Journal of applied clinical medical physics ; h5-index 28.0
INTRODUCTION : This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of generating pseudo dual-energy CT (DECT) from one 120-kVp CT by using convolutional neural network (CNN) to derive additional information for quantitative image analysis through phantom study.
METHODS : Dual-energy scans (80/140 kVp) and single-energy scans (120 kVp) were performed for five calibration phantoms and two evaluation phantoms on a dual-source DECT scanner. The calibration phantoms were used to generate training dataset for CNN optimization, while the evaluation phantoms were used to generate testing dataset. A CNN model which takes 120-kVp images as input and creates 80/140-kVp images as output was built, trained, and tested by using Caffe CNN platform. An in-house software to quantify contrast enhancement and synthesize virtual monochromatic CT (VMCT) for CNN-generated pseudo DECT was implemented and evaluated.
RESULTS : The CT numbers in 80-kVp pseudo images generated by CNN are differed from the truth by 11.57, 16.67, 13.92, 12.23, 10.69 HU for syringes filled with iodine concentration of 2.19, 4.38, 8.75, 17.5, 35 mg/ml, respectively. The corresponding results for 140-kVp CT are 3.09, 9.10, 7.08, 9.81, 7.59 HU. The estimates of iodine concentration calculated based on the proposed method are differed from the truth by 0.104, 0.603, 0.478, 0.698, 0.795 mg/ml for syringes filled with iodine concentration of 2.19, 4.38, 8.75, 17.5, 35 mg/ml, respectively. With regards to image quality enhancement, VMCT synthesized by using pseudo DECT shows the best contrast-to-noise ratio at 40 keV.
CONCLUSION : In conclusion, the proposed method should be a practicable strategy for iodine quantification in contrast enhanced 120-kVp CT without using specific scanner or scanning procedure.
Huang Wen-Hui, Jhan Kai-Jie, Yang Ching-Ching
deep learning, dual energy CT, pseudo CT