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In Frontiers in genetics ; h5-index 62.0

While both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are multifactorial disorders characterized by distinct clinical and pathological features, their commonalities and differences have not been fully elucidated. We sought to investigate the preventive roles of tetraspanins Cd151 and Cd9 -that are involved in diverse cellular processes in lung pathophysiology- in pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema, respectively, and to obtain a deeper understanding of their underlying molecular mechanisms toward facilitating improved therapeutic outcomes. Using an integrative approach, we examined the transcriptomic changes in the lungs of Cd151- and Cd9-deficient mice using functional-enrichment-analysis, pathway-perturbation-analysis and protein-protein-interaction (PPI) network analysis. Circadian-rhythm, extracellular-matrix (ECM), cell-adhesion and inflammatory responses and associated factors were prominently influenced by Cd151-deletion. Conversely, cellular-junctions, focal-adhesion, vascular-remodeling, and TNF-signaling were deeply impacted by Cd9-deletion. We also highlighted a "common core" of factors and signaling cascades that underlie the functions of both Cd151 and Cd9 in lung pathology. Circadian dysregulation following Cd151-deletion seemingly facilitated progressive fibrotic lung phenotype. Conversely, TGF-β signaling attenuation and TNF-signaling activation emerged as potentially novel functionaries of Cd9-deletion-induced emphysema. Our findings offer promising avenues for developing novel therapeutic treatments for pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema.

Tripathi Lokesh P, Itoh Mari N, Takeda Yoshito, Tsujino Kazuyuki, Kondo Yasushi, Kumanogoh Atsushi, Mizuguchi Kenji

2020

COPD, IPF, biomarker discovery, cellular networks, disease biology, integrative gene expression analysis, signaling pathways, systems biology, tetraspanins