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In Neurobiology of aging ; h5-index 69.0

Dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT) is associated with devastating and irreversible cognitive decline. Predicting which patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) will progress to DAT is an ongoing challenge in the field. We developed a deep learning model to predict conversion from MCI to DAT. Structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were used as input to a 3-dimensional convolutional neural network. The 3-dimensional convolutional neural network was trained using transfer learning; in the source task, normal control and DAT scans were used to pretrain the model. This pretrained model was then retrained on the target task of classifying which MCI patients converted to DAT. Our model resulted in 82.4% classification accuracy at the target task, outperforming current models in the field. Next, we visualized brain regions that significantly contribute to the prediction of MCI conversion using an occlusion map approach. Contributory regions included the pons, amygdala, and hippocampus. Finally, we showed that the model's prediction value is significantly correlated with rates of change in clinical assessment scores, indicating that the model is able to predict an individual patient's future cognitive decline. This information, in conjunction with the identified anatomical features, will aid in building a personalized therapeutic strategy for individuals with MCI.

Bae Jinhyeong, Stocks Jane, Heywood Ashley, Jung Youngmoon, Jenkins Lisanne, Hill Virginia, Katsaggelos Aggelos, Popuri Karteek, Rosen Howie, Beg M Faisal, Wang Lei

2020-Dec-13

Convolutional neural network, “Dementia of Alzheimers type”, Magnetic resonance imaging, Mild cognitive impairment, Predictive modeling