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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

Alterations of the gut microbiota have been reported in various gastrointestinal disorders, but knowledge of the mycobiome is limited. We investigated the gut mycobiome of 80 patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) in comparison with 64 control subjects. The fungal-specific internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) amplicon was sequenced, and mycobiome zero-radius operational taxonomic units (zOTUs) were defined representing known and unknown species and strains. The fungal community was sparse and individual-specific in all (both IBS and control) subjects. Although beta-diversity differed significantly between IBS and controls, no difference was found among clinical subtypes of IBS or in comparison with the mycobiome of subjects with bile acid malabsorption (BAM), a condition which may overlap with IBS with diarrhoea. The mycobiome alterations co-varied significantly with the bacteriome and metabolome but were not linked with dietary habits. As a putative biomarker of IBS, the predictive power of the fecal mycobiome in machine learning models was significantly better than random but insufficient for clinical diagnosis. The mycobiome presents limited therapeutic and diagnostic potential for IBS, despite co-variation with bacterial components which do offer such potential.

Das A, O’Herlihy E, Shanahan F, O’Toole P W, Jeffery I B