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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques have illustrated significant roles in finding general patterns of CFD (Computational fluid dynamics) results. This study is conducted to develop combination of the ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm with the fuzzy inference system (ACOFIS) for learning the CFD results of a physical case study. This binary join of the ACOFIS and CFD was used for pressure and temperature predictions of Al2O3/water nanofluid flow in a heated porous pipe. The intelligence of ACOFIS is investigated for different input numbers and pheromone effects, as the ant colony tuning parameter. The results showed that the intelligence of the ACOFIS could be found for three inputs (x and y nodes coordinates and nanoparticles fraction) and the pheromone effect of 0.1. At the system intelligence, the ACOFIS could predict the pressure and temperature of the nanofluid on any values of the nanoparticles fraction between 0.5 and 2%. Comparing the ANFIS and the ACOFIS, it was shown that both methods could reach the same accuracy in predictions of the nanofluid pressure and temperature. The root mean square error (RMSE) of the ACOFIS (~ 1.3) was a little more than that of the ANFIS (~ 0.03), while the total process time of the ANFIS (~ 213 s) was a bit more than that of the ACOFIS (~ 198 s). The AI algorithms process time (less than 4 min) shows their ability in the reduction of CFD modeling calculations and expenses.

Babanezhad Meisam, Behroyan Iman, Marjani Azam, Shirazian Saeed