In Translational gastroenterology and hepatology
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has transformed imaging of the small bowel as it is a non-invasive and well tolerated modality with excellent diagnostic capabilities. The way we read VCE has not changed much since its introduction nearly two decades ago. Reading is still very time intensive and prone to reader error. This review outlines the evidence regarding software enhancements which aim to address these challenges. These include the suspected blood indicator (SBI), automated fast viewing modes including QuickView, lesion characterization tools such Fuji Intelligent Color Enhancement, and three-dimensional (3D) representation tools. We also outline the exciting new evidence of artificial intelligence (AI) and deep learning (DL), which promises to revolutionize capsule reading. DL algorithms have been developed for identifying organs of origin, intestinal motility events, active bleeding, coeliac disease, polyp detection, hookworms and angioectasias, all with impressively high sensitivity and accuracy. More recently, an algorithm has been created to detect multiple abnormalities with a sensitivity of 99.9% and reading time of only 5.9 minutes. These algorithms will need to be validated robustly. However, it will not be long before we see this in clinical practice, aiding the clinician in rapid and accurate diagnosis.
Phillips Frank, Beg Sabina
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE), artificial intelligence (AI), deep learning (DL), software enhancement