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In Frontiers in genetics ; h5-index 62.0

Metastatic cervical carcinoma from unknown primary (MCCUP) accounts for 1-4% of all head and neck tumors, and identifying the primary site in MCCUP is challenging. The most common histopathological type of MCCUP is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and it remains difficult to identify the primary site pathologically. Therefore, it seems necessary and urgent to develop novel and effective methods to determine the primary site in MCCUP. In the present study, the RNA sequencing data of four types of SCC and Pan-Cancer from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) were obtained. And after data pre-processing, their differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, respectively. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis indicated that these significantly changed genes of four types of SCC share lots of similar molecular functions and histological features. Then three machine learning models, [Random Forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM), and neural network (NN)] which consisted of ten genes to distinguish these four types of SCC were developed. Among the three models with prediction tests, the RF model worked best in the external validation set, with an overall predictive accuracy of 88.2%, sensitivity of 88.71%, and specificity of 95.42%. The NN model is the second in efficacy, with an overall accuracy of 82.02%, sensitivity of 81.23%, and specificity of 93.04%. The SVM model is the last, with an overall accuracy of 76.69%, sensitivity of 74.81%, and specificity of 90.84%. The present analysis of similarities and differences among the four types of SCC, and novel models developments for distinguishing four types of SCC with informatics methods shed lights on precision MCCUP diagnosis in the future.

Lu Di, Jiang Jianjun, Liu Xiguang, Wang He, Feng Siyang, Shi Xiaoshun, Wang Zhizhi, Chen Zhiming, Yan Xuebin, Wu Hua, Cai Kaican


metastatic cervical carcinoma from unknown primary, neural network, predict, primary sites, random forest, support vector machine