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In Magnetic resonance imaging

Multi-contrast (MC) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the same patient usually requires long scanning times, despite the images sharing redundant information. In this work, we propose a new iterative network that utilizes the sharable information among MC images for MRI acceleration. The proposed network has reinforced data fidelity control and anatomy guidance through an iterative optimization procedure of Gradient Descent, leading to reduced uncertainties and improved reconstruction results. Through a convolutional network, the new method incorporates a learnable regularization unit that is capable of extracting, fusing, and mapping shareable information among different contrasts. Specifically, a dilated inception block is proposed to promote multi-scale feature extractions and increase the receptive field diversity for contextual information incorporation. Lastly, an optimal MC information feeding protocol is built through the design of a complementary feature extractor block. Comprehensive experiments demonstrated the superiority of the proposed network, both qualitatively and quantitatively.

Liu Xinwen, Wang Jing, Sun Hongfu, Chandra Shekhar S, Crozier Stuart, Liu Feng

2021-Jan-02

Deep learning, Image reconstruction, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Multi-contrast