In NeuroImage. Clinical
OBJECTIVE : The aim of this study was to identify relevant risk factors for epileptic seizures upon initial diagnosis of a brain tumor and to develop and validate a machine learning based prediction to allow for a tailored risk-based antiepileptic therapy.
METHODS : Clinical, electrophysiological and high-resolution imaging data was obtained from a consecutive cohort of 1051 patients with newly diagnosed brain tumors. Factor-associated seizure risk difference allowed to determine the relevance of specific topographic, demographic and histopathologic variables available at the time of diagnosis for seizure risk. The data was divided in a 70/30 ratio into a training and test set. Different machine learning based predictive models were evaluated before a generalized additive model (GAM) was selected considering its traceability while maintaining high performance. Based on a clinical stratification of the risk factors, three different GAM were trained and internally validated.
RESULTS : A total of 923 patients had full data and were included. Specific topographic anatomical patterns that drive seizure risk could be identified. The involvement of allopallial, mesopallial or primary motor/somatosensory neopallial structures by brain tumors results in a significant and clinically relevant increase in seizure risk. While topographic input was most relevant for the GAM, the best prediction was achieved by a combination of topographic, demographic and histopathologic information (Validation: AUC: 0.79, Accuracy: 0.72, Sensitivity: 0.81, Specificity: 0.66).
CONCLUSIONS : This study identifies specific phylogenetic anatomical patterns as epileptic drivers. A GAM allowed the prediction of seizure risk using topographic, demographic and histopathologic data achieving fair performance while maintaining transparency.
Akeret Kevin, Stumpo Vittorio, Staartjes Victor E, Vasella Flavio, Velz Julia, Marinoni Federica, Dufour Jean-Philippe, Imbach Lukas L, Regli Luca, Serra Carlo, Krayenbühl Niklaus
Epilepsy, Generalized additive model, Glioma, Metastases, Primary central nervous system lymphoma