In Biotechnology and bioengineering
UV-Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis) is routinely used in microbiology as a tool to check the optical density (OD) pertaining to the growth stages of microbial cultures at the single wavelength of 600 nm, better known as the OD600 . Typically, modern UV-Visible spectrophotometers can scan in the region of approximately 200-1000 nm in the electromagnetic spectrum, where users do not extend the use of the instrument's full capability in a laboratory. In this work, the full potential of UV-Visible spectrophotometry (multi-wavelength collection) was used to examine bacterial growth phases when treated with antibiotics showcasing the ability to understand the point of resistance when an antibiotic is introduced into the media and therefore understand the biochemical changes of the infectious pathogens. A multi-plate reader demonstrated a high throughput experiment (96 samples) to understand the growth of Escherichia coli when varied concentrations of the antibiotic tetracycline was added into the well plates. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were then used as the data mining techniques to interpret the UV-Visible spectral data and generate machine learning (ML) 'proof of principle' for the UV-Visible spectrophotometer plate reader. Results from this study showed that the PCA analysis provides an accurate yet simple visual classification and the recognition of E.coli samples belonging to each treatment. These data show significant advantages when compared to the traditional OD600 method where we can now understand biochemical changes in the system rather than a mere optical density measurement. Due to the unique experimental setup and procedure that involves indirect use of antibiotics, the same test could be used for obtaining practical information on the type, resistance, and dose of antibiotic necessary to establish the optimum diagnosis, treatment, and decontamination strategies for pathogenic and antibiotic resistant species. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Chapman James, Orrell-Trigg Rebecca, Kwoon Ki Yoon, Truong Vi Khanh, Cozzolino Daniel
Machine Learning, UV-visible spectroscopy, antibiotic resistance, chemometrics, high-throughput