Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Communications biology

Sleep arousals are transient periods of wakefulness punctuated into sleep. Excessive sleep arousals are associated with symptoms such as sympathetic activation, non-restorative sleep, and daytime sleepiness. Currently, sleep arousals are mainly annotated by human experts through looking at 30-second epochs (recorded pages) manually, which requires considerable time and effort. Here we present a deep learning approach for automatically segmenting sleep arousal regions based on polysomnographic recordings. Leveraging a specific architecture that 'translates' input polysomnographic signals to sleep arousal labels, this algorithm ranked first in the "You Snooze, You Win" PhysioNet Challenge. We created an augmentation strategy by randomly swapping similar physiological channels, which notably improved the prediction accuracy. Our algorithm enables fast and accurate delineation of sleep arousal events at the speed of 10 seconds per sleep recording. This computational tool would greatly empower the scoring process in clinical settings and accelerate studies on the impact of arousals.

Li Hongyang, Guan Yuanfang