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In Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians open

Objective : The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has inspired new innovations in diagnosing, treating, and dispositioning patients during high census conditions with constrained resources. Our objective is to describe first experiences of physician interaction with a novel artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm designed to enhance physician abilities to identify ground-glass opacities and consolidation on chest radiographs.

Methods : During the first wave of the pandemic, we deployed a previously developed and validated deep-learning AI algorithm for assisted interpretation of chest radiographs for use by physicians at an academic health system in Southern California. The algorithm overlays radiographs with "heat" maps that indicate pneumonia probability alongside standard chest radiographs at the point of care. Physicians were surveyed in real time regarding ease of use and impact on clinical decisionmaking.

Results : Of the 5125 total visits and 1960 chest radiographs obtained in the emergency department (ED) during the study period, 1855 were analyzed by the algorithm. Among these, emergency physicians were surveyed for their experiences on 202 radiographs. Overall, 86% either strongly agreed or somewhat agreed that the intervention was easy to use in their workflow. Of the respondents, 20% reported that the algorithm impacted clinical decisionmaking.

Conclusions : To our knowledge, this is the first published literature evaluating the impact of medical imaging AI on clinical decisionmaking in the emergency department setting. Urgent deployment of a previously validated AI algorithm clinically was easy to use and was found to have an impact on clinical decision making during the predicted surge period of a global pandemic.

Carlile Morgan, Hurt Brian, Hsiao Albert, Hogarth Michael, Longhurst Christopher A, Dameff Christian

2020-Dec

Algorithms, COVIDÔÇÉ19, artificial intelligence, computers and society, deep learning, emergency medicine, informatics, machine learning, radiology