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In IEEE transactions on medical imaging ; h5-index 74.0

Speckle noise is the main cause of poor optical coherence tomography (OCT) image quality. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have shown remarkable performances for speckle noise reduction. However, speckle noise denoising still meets great challenges because the deep learning-based methods need a large amount of labeled data whose acquisition is time-consuming or expensive. Besides, many CNNs-based methods design complex structure based networks with lots of parameters to improve the denoising performance, which consume hardware resources severely and are prone to overfitting. To solve these problems, we propose a novel semi-supervised learning based method for speckle noise denoising in retinal OCT images. First, to improve the model's ability to capture complex and sparse features in OCT images, and avoid the problem of a great increase of parameters, a novel capsule conditional generative adversarial network (Caps-cGAN) with small number of parameters is proposed to construct the semi-supervised learning system. Then, to tackle the problem of retinal structure information loss in OCT images caused by lack of detailed guidance during unsupervised learning, a novel joint semi-supervised loss function composed of unsupervised loss and supervised loss is proposed to train the model. Compared with other state-of-the-art methods, the proposed semi-supervised method is suitable for retinal OCT images collected from different OCT devices and can achieve better performance even only using half of the training data.

Wang Meng, Zhu Weifang, Yu Kai, Chen Zhongyue, Shi Fei, Zhou Yi, Ma Yuhui, Peng Yuanyuan, Bao Dengsen, Feng Shuanglang, Ye Lei, Xiang Dehui, Chen Xinjian