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In Current opinion in critical care ; h5-index 39.0

PURPOSE OF REVIEW : To provide an overview on recent advances in the field of assessment and monitoring of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) in neurocritical care from a neurosurgical point of view.

RECENT FINDINGS : In high-income countries, monitoring of patients with sTBI heavily relies on multimodal neurocritical parameters, nonetheless clinical assessment still has a solid role in decision-making. There are guidelines and consensus-based treatment algorithms that can be employed in both absence and presence of multimodal monitoring in the management of patients with sTBI. Additionally, novel dynamic monitoring options and machine learning-based prognostic models are introduced. Currently, the acute management and treatment of secondary injury/insults is focused on dealing with the objective evident pathology. An ongoing paradigm shift is emerging towards more proactive treatment of neuroworsening as soon as premonitory signs of deterioration are detected.

SUMMARY : Based on the current evidence, serial clinical assessment, neuroimaging, intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressure and brain tissue oxygen monitoring are key components of sTBI care. Clinical assessment has a crucial role in identifying the crashing patient with sTBI, especially from a neurosurgical standpoint. Multimodal monitoring and clinical assessment should be seen as complementary evaluation methods that support one another.

Posti Jussi P, Raj Rahul, Luoto Teemu M