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In European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging ; h5-index 66.0

PURPOSE : We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performances of quantitative indices obtained from dopamine transporter (DAT) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy for Parkinsonian syndromes (PS) using the classification and regression tree (CART) analysis.

METHODS : We retrospectively enrolled 216 patients with or without PS, including 80 without PS (NPS) and 136 with PS [90 Parkinson's disease (PD), 21 dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), 16 progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and 9 multiple system atrophy (MSA). The striatal binding ratio (SBR), putamen-to-caudate ratio (PCR), and asymmetry index (AI) were calculated using DAT SPECT. The heart-to-mediastinum uptake ratio (H/M) based on the early (H/M [Early]) and delayed (H/M [Delay]) images and cardiac washout rate (WR) were calculated from MIBG scintigraphy. The CART analysis was used to establish a diagnostic decision tree model for differentiating PS based on these quantitative indices.

RESULTS : The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were 87.5, 96.3, 93.3, 92.9, and 93.1 for NPS; 91.1, 78.6, 75.2, 92.5, and 83.8 for PD; 57.1, 95.9, 60.0, 95.4, and 92.1 for DLB; and 50.0, 98.0, 66.7, 96.1, and 94.4 for PSP, respectively. The PCR, WR, H/M (Delay), and SBR indices played important roles in the optimal decision tree model, and their feature importance was 0.61, 0.22, 0.11, and 0.05, respectively.

CONCLUSION : The quantitative indices showed high diagnostic performances in differentiating NPS, PD, DLB, and PSP, but not MSA. Our findings provide useful guidance on how to apply these quantitative indices in clinical practice.

Iwabuchi Yu, Kameyama Masashi, Matsusaka Yohji, Narimatsu Hidetoshi, Hashimoto Masahiro, Seki Morinobu, Ito Daisuke, Tabuchi Hajime, Yamada Yoshitake, Jinzaki Masahiro


123I-FP-CIT, 123I-Ioflupane, Artificial intelligence, CART, Data mining