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In Biomechanics and modeling in mechanobiology ; h5-index 36.0

Previous studies have shown that the rupture properties of an ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA) are strongly correlated with the pre-rupture response features. In this work, we present a two-step machine learning method to predict where the rupture is likely to occur in ATAA and what safety reserve the structure may have. The study was carried out using ATAA specimens from 15 patients who underwent surgical intervention. Through inflation test, full-field deformation data and post-rupture images were collected, from which the wall tension and surface strain distributions were computed. The tension-strain data in the pressure range of 9-18 kPa were fitted to a third-order polynomial to characterize the response properties. It is hypothesized that the region where rupture is prone to initiate is associated with a high level of tension buildup. A machine learning method is devised to predict the peak risk region. The predicted regions were found to match the actual rupture sites in 13 samples out of the total 15. In the second step, another machine learning model is utilized to predict the tissue's rupture strength in the peak risk region. Results suggest that the ATAA rupture risk can be reasonably predicted using tension-strain response in the physiological range. This may open a pathway for evaluating the ATAA rupture propensity using information of in vivo response.

He Xuehuan, Avril Stephane, Lu Jia

2021-Jan-03

ATAA, Machine learning, Rupture, Strength