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In PloS one ; h5-index 176.0

With the continuous improvement of automation and informatization, the electromagnetic environment has become increasingly complex. Traditional protection methods for electronic systems are facing with serious challenges. Biological nervous system has the self-adaptive advantages under the regulation of the nervous system. It is necessary to explore a new thought on electromagnetic protection by drawing from the self-adaptive advantage of the biological nervous system. In this study, the scale-free spiking neural network (SFSNN) is constructed, in which the Izhikevich neuron model is employed as a node, and the synaptic plasticity model including excitatory and inhibitory synapses is employed as an edge. Under white Gaussian noise, the noise suppression abilities of the SFSNNs with the high average clustering coefficient (ACC) and the SFSNNs with the low ACC are studied comparatively. The noise suppression mechanism of the SFSNN is explored. The experiment results demonstrate that the following. (1) The SFSNN has a certain degree of noise suppression ability, and the SFSNNs with the high ACC have higher noise suppression performance than the SFSNNs with the low ACC. (2) The neural information processing of the SFSNN is the linkage effect of dynamic changes in neuron firing, synaptic weight and topological characteristics. (3) The synaptic plasticity is the intrinsic factor of the noise suppression ability of the SFSNN.

Guo Lei, Kan Enyu, Wu Youxi, Lv Huan, Xu Guizhi

2020