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In Entropy (Basel, Switzerland)

This paper suggests a new control design based on the concept of Synergetic Control theory for controlling a one-link robot arm actuated by Pneumatic artificial muscles (PAMs) in opposing bicep/tricep positions. The synergetic control design is first established based on known system parameters. However, in real PAM-actuated systems, the uncertainties are inherited features in their parameters and hence an adaptive synergetic control algorithm is proposed and synthesized for a PAM-actuated robot arm subjected to perturbation in its parameters. The adaptive synergetic laws are developed to estimate the uncertainties and to guarantee the asymptotic stability of the adaptive synergetic controlled PAM-actuated system. The work has also presented an improvement in the performance of proposed synergetic controllers (classical and adaptive) by applying a modern optimization technique based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) to tune their design parameters towards optimal dynamic performance. The effectiveness of the proposed classical and adaptive synergetic controllers has been verified via computer simulation and it has been shown that the adaptive controller could cope with uncertainties and keep the controlled system stable. The proposed optimal Adaptive Synergetic Controller (ASC) has been validated with a previous adaptive controller with the same robot structure and actuation, and it has been shown that the optimal ASC outperforms its opponent in terms of tracking speed and error.

Humaidi Amjad J, Ibraheem Ibraheem Kasim, Azar Ahmad Taher, Sadiq Musaab E


Pneumatic Artificial Muscles, adaptive control, particle swarming optimization, single-link robot arm, synergetic control