In Journal of clinical medicine
We aimed to analyse the CT examinations of the previous screening round (CTprev) in NLST participants with incidence lung cancer and evaluate the value of DL-CAD in detection of missed lung cancers. Thoracic radiologists reviewed CTprev in participants with incidence lung cancer, and a DL-CAD analysed CTprev according to NLST criteria and the lung CT screening reporting & data system (Lung-RADS) classification. We calculated patient-wise and lesion-wise sensitivities of the DL-CAD in detection of missed lung cancers. As per the NLST criteria, 88% (100/113) of CTprev were positive and 74 of them had missed lung cancers. The DL-CAD reported 98% (98/100) of the positive screens as positive and detected 95% (70/74) of the missed lung cancers. As per the Lung-RADS classification, 82% (93/113) of CTprev were positive and 60 of them had missed lung cancers. The DL-CAD reported 97% (90/93) of the positive screens as positive and detected 98% (59/60) of the missed lung cancers. The DL-CAD made false positive calls in 10.3% (27/263) of controls, with 0.16 false positive nodules per scan (41/263). In conclusion, the majority of CTprev in participants with incidence lung cancers had missed lung cancers, and the DL-CAD detected them with high sensitivity and a limited false positive rate.
Cho Jungheum, Kim Jihang, Lee Kyong Joon, Nam Chang Mo, Yoon Sung Hyun, Song Hwayoung, Kim Junghoon, Choi Ye Ra, Lee Kyung Hee, Lee Kyung Won
computer-aided diagnosis, deep learning, early detection of cancer, lung neoplasms, multidetector computed tomography