Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Medical image analysis

There is a large body of literature linking anatomic and geometric characteristics of kidney tumors to perioperative and oncologic outcomes. Semantic segmentation of these tumors and their host kidneys is a promising tool for quantitatively characterizing these lesions, but its adoption is limited due to the manual effort required to produce high-quality 3D segmentations of these structures. Recently, methods based on deep learning have shown excellent results in automatic 3D segmentation, but they require large datasets for training, and there remains little consensus on which methods perform best. The 2019 Kidney and Kidney Tumor Segmentation challenge (KiTS19) was a competition held in conjunction with the 2019 International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI) which sought to address these issues and stimulate progress on this automatic segmentation problem. A training set of 210 cross sectional CT images with kidney tumors was publicly released with corresponding semantic segmentation masks. 106 teams from five continents used this data to develop automated systems to predict the true segmentation masks on a test set of 90 CT images for which the corresponding ground truth segmentations were kept private. These predictions were scored and ranked according to their average Sørensen-Dice coefficient between the kidney and tumor across all 90 cases. The winning team achieved a Dice of 0.974 for kidney and 0.851 for tumor, approaching the inter-annotator performance on kidney (0.983) but falling short on tumor (0.923). This challenge has now entered an "open leaderboard" phase where it serves as a challenging benchmark in 3D semantic segmentation.

Heller Nicholas, Isensee Fabian, Maier-Hein Klaus H, Hou Xiaoshuai, Xie Chunmei, Li Fengyi, Nan Yang, Mu Guangrui, Lin Zhiyong, Han Miofei, Yao Guang, Gao Yaozong, Zhang Yao, Wang Yixin, Hou Feng, Yang Jiawei, Xiong Guangwei, Tian Jiang, Zhong Cheng, Ma Jun, Rickman Jack, Dean Joshua, Stai Bethany, Tejpaul Resha, Oestreich Makinna, Blake Paul, Kaluzniak Heather, Raza Shaneabbas, Rosenberg Joel, Moore Keenan, Walczak Edward, Rengel Zachary, Edgerton Zach, Vasdev Ranveer, Peterson Matthew, McSweeney Sean, Peterson Sarah, Kalapara Arveen, Sathianathen Niranjan, Papanikolopoulos Nikolaos, Weight Christopher


Computed tomography, Kidney tumor, Semantic segmentation