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In Neuroradiology

PURPOSE : To compare the image quality of brain computed tomography (CT) images reconstructed with deep learning-based image reconstruction (DLIR) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-Veo (ASIR-V).

METHODS : Sixty-two patients underwent routine noncontrast brain CT scans and datasets were reconstructed with 30% ASIR-V and DLIR with three selectable reconstruction strength levels (low, medium, high). Objective parameters including CT attenuation, noise, noise reduction rate, artifact index of the posterior cranial fossa, and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured at the levels of the centrum semiovale and basal ganglia. Subjective parameters including gray matter-white matter differentiation, sharpness, and overall diagnostic quality were also assessed and compared with the interobserver agreement.

RESULTS : There was a gradual reduction in the image noise and artifact index of the posterior cranial fossa as the strength levels of DLIR increased (all P < 0.001) compared with that of ASIR-V. CNR in both the centrum semiovale and basal ganglia levels also improved from the low to high strength levels of DLIR compared with that of ASIR-V (all P < 0.001). DLIR images with medium and high strength levels demonstrated the best subjective image quality scores among the reconstruction datasets. There was moderate to good interobserver agreement for the subjective image quality assessments with ASIR-V and DLIR.

CONCLUSION : On routine brain CT scans, optimized protocols with DLIR allowed significant reduction of noise and artifacts with improved subjective image quality compared with ASIR-V.

Kim Injoong, Kang Hyunkoo, Yoon Hyun Jung, Chung Bo Mi, Shin Na-Young


Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-Veo, Brain CT, Deep learning image reconstruction, Image quality