In Brain informatics
Neuroimaging, in particular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has been playing an important role in understanding brain functionalities and its disorders during the last couple of decades. These cutting-edge MRI scans, supported by high-performance computational tools and novel ML techniques, have opened up possibilities to unprecedentedly identify neurological disorders. However, similarities in disease phenotypes make it very difficult to detect such disorders accurately from the acquired neuroimaging data. This article critically examines and compares performances of the existing deep learning (DL)-based methods to detect neurological disorders-focusing on Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia-from MRI data acquired using different modalities including functional and structural MRI. The comparative performance analysis of various DL architectures across different disorders and imaging modalities suggests that the Convolutional Neural Network outperforms other methods in detecting neurological disorders. Towards the end, a number of current research challenges are indicated and some possible future research directions are provided.
Noor Manan Binth Taj, Zenia Nusrat Zerin, Kaiser M Shamim, Mamun Shamim Al, Mahmud Mufti
Alzheimer’s disease, Machine learning, Neuroimaging, Parkinson’s disease, Schizophrenia