In Journal of hazardous materials
We have developed a hybrid machine learning (ML) model for the prediction and optimization of a gliding arc plasma tar reforming process using naphthalene as a model tar compound from biomass gasification. A linear combination of three well-known algorithms, including artificial neural network (ANN), support vector regression (SVR) and decision tree (DT) has been established to deal with the multi-scale and complex plasma tar reforming process. The optimization of the hyper-parameters of each algorithm in the hybrid model has been achieved by using the genetic algorithm (GA), which shows a fairly good agreement between the experimental data and the predicted results from the ML model. The steam-to-carbon (S/C) ratio is found to be the most critical parameter for the conversion with a relative importance of 38%, while the discharge power is the most influential parameter in determining the energy efficiency with a relative importance of 58%. The coupling effects of different processing parameters on the key performance of the plasma reforming process have been evaluated. The optimal processing parameters are identified achieving the maximum tar conversion (67.2%), carbon balance (81.7%) and energy efficiency (7.8 g/kWh) simultaneously when the global desirability index I2 reaches the highest value of 0.65.
Wang Yaolin, Liao Zinan, Mathieu Stéphanie, Bin Feng, Tu Xin
Biomass gasification, Machine learning, Naphthalene, Non-thermal plasma, Tar reforming