In Biomedical optics express
Deep learning is usually combined with a single detection technique in the field of disease diagnosis. This study focused on simultaneously combining deep learning with multiple detection technologies, fluorescence imaging and Raman spectroscopy, for breast cancer diagnosis. A number of fluorescence images and Raman spectra were collected from breast tissue sections of 14 patients. Pseudo-color enhancement algorithm and a convolutional neural network were applied to the fluorescence image processing, so that the discriminant accuracy of test sets, 88.61%, was obtained. Two different BP-neural networks were applied to the Raman spectra that mainly comprised collagen and lipid, so that the discriminant accuracy of 95.33% and 98.67% of test sets were gotten, respectively. Then the discriminant results of fluorescence images and Raman spectra were counted and arranged into a characteristic variable matrix to predict the breast tissue samples with partial least squares (PLS) algorithm. As a result, the predictions of all samples are correct, with minor error of predictive value. This study proves that deep learning algorithms can be applied into multiple diagnostic optics/spectroscopy techniques simultaneously to improve the accuracy in disease diagnosis.
Shang Lin-Wei, Ma Dan-Ying, Fu Juan-Juan, Lu Yan-Fei, Zhao Yuan, Xu Xin-Yu, Yin Jian-Hua