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In Frontiers in neuroscience ; h5-index 72.0

Epilepsy is an abnormal function disease of movement, consciousness, and nerve caused by abnormal discharge of brain neurons in the brain. EEG is currently a very important tool in the process of epilepsy research. In this paper, a novel noise-insensitive Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (TSK) fuzzy system based on interclass competitive learning is proposed for EEG signal recognition. First, a possibilistic clustering in Bayesian framework with interclass competitive learning called PCB-ICL is presented to determine antecedent parameters of fuzzy rules. Inherited by the possibilistic c-means clustering, PCB-ICL is noise insensitive. PCB-ICL learns cluster centers of different classes in a competitive relationship. The obtained clustering centers are attracted by the samples of the same class and also excluded by the samples of other classes and pushed away from the heterogeneous data. PCB-ICL uses the Metropolis-Hastings method to obtain the optimal clustering results in an alternating iterative strategy. Thus, the learned antecedent parameters have high interpretability. To further promote the noise insensitivity of rules, the asymmetric expectile term and Ho-Kashyap procedure are adopted to learn the consequent parameters of rules. Based on the above ideas, a TSK fuzzy system is proposed and is called PCB-ICL-TSK. Comprehensive experiments on real-world EEG data reveal that the proposed fuzzy system achieves the robust and effective performance for EEG signal recognition.

Ni Tongguang, Gu Xiaoqing, Zhang Cong

2020

Bayesian framework, Ho–Kashyap procedure, TSK fuzzy system, asymmetric expectile term, noise insensitive, possibilistic clustering