In Respiratory physiology & neurobiology
Respiratory parameters change during post-natal development, but the nature of their changes have not been well-described. The advent of commercially available plethysmographic instruments provided improved repeatability of measurements and standardization of measured breathing in mice across laboratories. These technologies thus allowed for exploration of more precise respiratory pattern changes during the post-natal developmental epoch. Current methods to analyze respiratory behavior utilize plethysmography to acquire standing values of frequency, volume and flow at specific time points in murine maturation. These metrics have historically been independently analyzed as a function of time with no further analysis examining the interplay these variables have with each other and in the context of postnatal maturation or during blood gas homeostasis. We posit that machine learning workflows can provide deeper physiological understanding into the postnatal development of respiration. In this manuscript, we delineate a machine learning workflow based on the R-statistical programming language to examine how variation and relationships of frequency (f) and tidal volume (TV) change with respect to inspiratory and expiratory parameters. Our analytical workflows could successfully predict age and found that the variation and relationships between respiratory metrics are dynamically shifting with age and during hypercapnic breathing. Thus, our work demonstrates the utility of high dimensional analyses to provide reliable class label predictions using non-invasive respiratory metrics. These approaches may be useful in large-scale phenotyping across development and in disease.
Wang Wesley, Alzate-Correa Diego, Alves Michele Joana, Jones Mikayla, Garcia Alfredo J, Zhao Jing, Czeisler Catherine Miriam, Otero José Javier
Machine Learning, Respiratory Development, Respiratory Physiology