In Journal of ovarian research
BACKGROUND : The foundation of modern ovarian cancer care is cytoreductive surgery to remove all macroscopic disease (R0). Identification of R0 resection patients may help individualise treatment. Machine learning and AI have been shown to be effective systems for classification and prediction. For a disease as heterogenous as ovarian cancer, they could potentially outperform conventional predictive algorithms for routine clinical use. We investigated the performance of an AI system, the k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) classifier, to predict R0, comparing it with logistic regression. Patients diagnosed with advanced stage, high grade serous ovarian, tubal and primary peritoneal cancer, undergoing surgical cytoreduction from 2015 to 2019, was selected from the ovarian database. Performance variables included age, BMI, Charlson Comorbidity Index, timing of surgery, surgical complexity and disease score. The k-NN algorithm classified R0 vs non-R0 patients using 3-20 nearest neighbors. Prediction accuracy was estimated as percentage of observations in the training set correctly classified.
RESULTS : 154 patients were identified, with mean age of 64.4 + 10.5 yrs., BMI of 27.2 + 5.8 and mean SCS of 3 + 1 (1-8). Complete and optimal cytoreduction was achieved in 62 and 88% patients. The mean predictive accuracy was 66%. R0 resection prediction of true negatives was as high as 90% using k = 20 neighbors.
CONCLUSIONS : The k-NN algorithm is a promising and versatile tool for R0 resection prediction. It slightly outperforms logistic regression and is expected to improve accuracy with data expansion.
Laios Alexandros, Gryparis Alexandros, DeJong Diederick, Hutson Richard, Theophilou Georgios, Leach Chris
Artificial intelligence, Cytoreduction, Machine learning, Ovarian Cancer, Predictive factors