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In Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association

OBJECTIVE : To build radiomic model in differentiating dissecting aneurysm (DA) from complicated saccular aneurysm (SA) based on high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) through machine-learning algorithm.

METHODS : Overall, 851 radiomic features from 77 cases were retrospectively analyzed, and the ElasticNet algorithm was used to build the radiomic model. A clinico-radiological model using clinical features and conventional MRI findings was also built. An integrated model was then built by incorporating the radiomic model and clinico-radiological model. The diagnostic abilities of these models were evaluated using leave one out cross validation and quantified using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The diagnostic performance of radiologists was also evaluated for comparison.

RESULTS : Five features were used to form the radiomic model, which yielded an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.912 (95 % CI 0.846-0.976), sensitivity of 0.852, and specificity of 0.861. The radiomic model achieved a better diagnostic performance than the clinico-radiological model (AUC=0.743, 95 % CI 0.623-0.862), integrated model (AUC=0.888, 95 % CI 0.811-0.965), and even many radiologists.

CONCLUSION : Radiomic features derived from HR-MRI can reliably be used to build a radiomic model for effectively differentiating between DA and complicated SA, and it can provide an objective basis for the selection of clinical treatment plan.

Cao Xin, Xia Wei, Tang Ye, Zhang Bo, Yang Jinming, Zeng Yanwei, Geng Daoying, Zhang Jun

2020-Sep-08

Aneurysm, High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging, Machine-learning, Radiomics