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In Magnetic resonance in medicine ; h5-index 66.0

PURPOSE : To accelerate T2 mapping with highly sparse sampling by integrating deep learning image priors with low-rank and sparse modeling.

METHODS : The proposed method achieves high-speed T2 mapping by highly sparsely sampling (k, TE)-space. Image reconstruction from the undersampled data was done by exploiting the low-rank structure and sparsity in the T2 -weighted image sequence and image priors learned from training data. The image priors for a single TE were generated from the public Human Connectome Project data using a tissue-based deep learning method; the image priors were then transferred to other TEs using a generalized series-based method. With these image priors, the proposed reconstruction method used a low-rank model and a sparse model to capture subject-dependent novel features.

RESULTS : The proposed method was evaluated using experimental data obtained from both healthy subjects and tumor patients using a turbo spin-echo sequence. High-quality T2 maps at the resolution of 0.9 × 0.9 × 3.0 mm3 were obtained successfully from highly undersampled data with an acceleration factor of 8. Compared with the existing compressed sensing-based methods, the proposed method produced significantly reduced reconstruction errors. Compared with the deep learning-based methods, the proposed method recovered novel features better.

CONCLUSION : This paper demonstrates the feasibility of learning T2 -weighted image priors for multiple TEs using tissue-based deep learning and generalized series-based learning. A new method was proposed to effectively integrate these image priors with low-rank and sparse modeling to reconstruct high-quality images from highly undersampled data. The proposed method will supplement other acquisition-based methods to achieve high-speed T2 mapping.

Meng Ziyu, Guo Rong, Li Yudu, Guan Yue, Wang Tianyao, Zhao Yibo, Sutton Brad, Li Yao, Liang Zhi-Pei

2020-Sep-29

T2 mapping, deep learning, low-rank modeling, quantitative imaging, sparse modeling