In Emergency radiology
Superior soft-tissue contrast and high sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting and characterizing disease may provide an expanded role in acute abdominal and pelvic imaging. Although MRI has traditionally not been exploited in acute care settings, commonly used in biliary obstruction and during pregnancy, there are several conditions in which MRI can go above and beyond other modalities in diagnosis, characterization, and providing functional and prognostic information. In this manuscript, we highlight how MRI can help in further assessment and characterization of acute renal emergencies. Currently, renal emergencies are predominantly evaluated with ultrasound (US) or computed tomography (CT) scanning. US may be limited by various patient factors and technologist experience while CT imaging with intravenous contrast administration can further compromise renal function. With the advent of rapid, robust non-contrast MRI, and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) imaging studies with short scan times, free-breathing techniques, and lack of ionization radiation, the utility of MRI for renal evaluation might be superior to CT not only in diagnosing an emergent renal process but also by providing functional and prognostic information. This review outlines the clinical manifestations and the key imaging findings for acute renal processes including acute renal infarction, hemorrhage, and renal obstruction, among other entities, to highlight the added value of MRI in evaluating the finer nuances in acute renal emergencies.
Gopireddy Dheeraj Reddy, Mahmoud Hagar, Baig Saif, Le Rebecca, Bhosale Priya, Lall Chandana
Emergency, Kidney, Magnetic resonance imaging, Renal hemorrhage