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In Artificial intelligence in medicine ; h5-index 34.0

In a digitally enabled healthcare setting, we posit that an individual's current location is pivotal for supporting many virtual care services-such as tailoring educational content towards an individual's current location, and, hence, current stage in an acute care process; improving activity recognition for supporting self-management in a home-based setting; and guiding individuals with cognitive decline through daily activities in their home. However, unobtrusively estimating an individual's indoor location in real-world care settings is still a challenging problem. Moreover, the needs of location-specific care interventions go beyond absolute coordinates and require the individual's discrete semantic location; i.e., it is the concrete type of an individual's location (e.g., exam vs. waiting room; bathroom vs. kitchen) that will drive the tailoring of educational content or recognition of activities. We utilized Machine Learning methods to accurately identify an individual's discrete location, together with knowledge-based models and tools to supply the associated semantics of identified locations. We considered clustering solutions to improve localization accuracy at the expense of granularity; and investigate sensor fusion-based heuristics to rule out false location estimates. We present an AI-driven indoor localization approach that integrates both data-driven and knowledge-based processes and artifacts. We illustrate the application of our approach in two compelling healthcare use cases, and empirically validated our localization approach at the emergency unit of a large Canadian pediatric hospital.

Van Woensel William, Roy Patrice C, Abidi Syed Sibte Raza, Abidi Samina Raza


Activities of daily living, Ambient assisted living, Ambient sensors, Data fusion, Indoor localization, Machine learning, Self-management, Semantic web, Virtual care, eHealth platform