In International journal of implant dentistry
BACKGROUND : In some cases, a dentist cannot solve the difficulties a patient has with an implant because the implant system is unknown. Therefore, there is a need for a system for identifying the implant system of a patient from limited data that does not depend on the dentist's knowledge and experience. The purpose of this study was to identify dental implant systems using a deep learning method.
METHODS : A dataset of 1282 panoramic radiograph images with implants were used for deep learning. An object detection algorithm (Yolov3) was used to identify the six implant systems by three manufactures. To implement the algorithm, TensorFlow and Keras deep-learning libraries were used. After training was complete, the true positive (TP) ratio and average precision (AP) of each implant system as well as the mean AP (mAP), and mean intersection over union (mIoU) were calculated to evaluate the performance of the model.
RESULTS : The number of each implant system varied from 240 to 1919. The TP ratio and AP of each implant system varied from 0.50 to 0.82 and from 0.51 to 0.85, respectively. The mAP and mIoU of this model were 0.71 and 0.72, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS : The results of this study suggest that implants can be identified from panoramic radiographic images using deep learning-based object detection. This identification system could help dentists as well as patients suffering from implant problems. However, more images of other implant systems will be necessary to increase the learning performance to apply this system in clinical practice.
Takahashi Toshihito, Nozaki Kazunori, Gonda Tomoya, Mameno Tomoaki, Wada Masahiro, Ikebe Kazunori
Artificial intelligence, Deep learning, Dental implant, Object detection, Yolov3