In Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering
Effective monitoring of heart patients according to heart signals can save a huge amount of life. In the last decade, the classification and prediction of heart diseases according to ECG signals has gained great importance for patients and doctors. In this paper, the deep learning architecture with high accuracy and popularity has been proposed in recent years for the classification of Normal Sinus Rhythm, (NSR) Abnormal Arrhythmia (ARR) and Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) ECG signals. The proposed architecture is based on Hybrid Alexnet-SVM (Support Vector Machine). 96 Arrhythmia, 30 CHF, 36 NSR signals are available in a total of 192 ECG signals. In order to demonstrate the classification performance of deep learning architectures, ARR, CHR and NSR signals are firstly classified by SVM, KNN algorithm, achieving 68.75% and 65.63% accuracy. The signals are then classified in their raw form with LSTM (Long Short Time Memory) with 90.67% accuracy. By obtaining the spectrograms of the signals, Hybrid Alexnet-SVM algorithm is applied to the images and 96.77% accuracy is obtained. The results show that with the proposed deep learning architecture, it classifies ECG signals with higher accuracy than conventional machine learning classifiers.
Çınar Ahmet, Tuncer Seda Arslan
CNN, Electrocardiography, LSTM, arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, normal sinus rhythm