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ArXiv Preprint

Purpose: To develop and evaluate the accuracy of a multi-view deep learning approach to the analysis of high-resolution synthetic mammograms from digital breast tomosynthesis screening cases, and to assess the effect on accuracy of image resolution and training set size. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective study, 21,264 screening digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) exams obtained at our institution were collected along with associated radiology reports. The 2D synthetic mammographic images from these exams, with varying resolutions and data set sizes, were used to train a multi-view deep convolutional neural network (MV-CNN) to classify screening images into BI-RADS classes (BI-RADS 0, 1 and 2) before evaluation on a held-out set of exams. Results: Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for BI-RADS 0 vs non-BI-RADS 0 class was 0.912 for the MV-CNN trained on the full dataset. The model obtained accuracy of 84.8%, recall of 95.9% and precision of 95.0%. This AUC value decreased when the same model was trained with 50% and 25% of images (AUC = 0.877, P=0.010 and 0.834, P=0.009 respectively). Also, the performance dropped when the same model was trained using images that were under-sampled by 1/2 and 1/4 (AUC = 0.870, P=0.011 and 0.813, P=0.009 respectively). Conclusion: This deep learning model classified high-resolution synthetic mammography scans into normal vs needing further workup using tens of thousands of high-resolution images. Smaller training data sets and lower resolution images both caused significant decrease in performance.

Saeed Seyyedi, Margaret J. Wong, Debra M. Ikeda, Curtis P. Langlotz

2020-09-18