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In International journal of molecular sciences ; h5-index 102.0

BACKGROUND : Gastritis is a prevalent disease and commonly classified into autoimmune (A), bacterial (B), and chemical (C) type gastritis. While the former two subtypes are associated with an increased risk of developing gastric intestinal adenocarcinoma, the latter subtype is not. In this study, we evaluated the capability to classify common gastritis subtypes using convolutional neuronal networks on a small dataset of antrum and corpus biopsies.

METHODS : 1230 representative 500 × 500 µm images of 135 patients with type A, type B, and type C gastritis were extracted from scanned histological slides. Patients were allocated randomly into a training set (60%), a validation set (20%), and a test set (20%). One classifier for antrum and one classifier for corpus were trained and optimized. After optimization, the test set was analyzed using a joint result from both classifiers.

RESULTS : Overall accuracy in the test set was 84% and was particularly high for type B gastritis with a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 93%.

CONCLUSIONS : Classification of gastritis subtypes is possible using convolutional neural networks on a small dataset of histopathological images of antrum and corpus biopsies. Deep learning strategies to support routine diagnostic pathology merit further evaluation.

Steinbuss Georg, Kriegsmann Katharina, Kriegsmann Mark


artificial intelligence, convolutional neural networks, deep learning, digital image analysis