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In The journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh

Electronic health record (EHR) was hailed as a major step towards making healthcare more transparent and accountable. All the developed nations digitised their health records which were meant to be safe, secure and could be accessed on demand. This was intended to benefit all stakeholders. However, the jury is still out if the EHR has been worth it. There have been incidences of data breaches despite cybersecurity checks and of manipulation compromising clinicians' integrity and patients' safety. EHRs have also been blamed for doctor burnout in overloading them with a largely avoidable administrative burden. The lack of interoperability amongst various EHR software systems is creating obstacles in seamless workflow. Artificial intelligence is now being used to overcome deficiencies of the EHR. Emerging data from real-world usage of EHR is providing useful inputs which would be helpful in making it a better system. This review critically appraises the current status and issues with the EHR and provides an overview of the key innovations which are being implemented to make the system more efficient for health care providers leading to a reduction in their administrative burden.

Kataria Suchitra, Ravindran Vinod


administrative burden, artificial intelligence (AI), clinician burnout, data aggregation, digital patient records, digital scribe, electronic medical records (EMR), interoperability, patient data, voice recognition technology,, voice-to-text technology