In Digestive endoscopy : official journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Artificial intelligence (AI) has been attracting considerable attention as an important scientific topic in the field of medicine. Deep-leaning (DL) technologies have been applied more dominantly than other traditional machine-learning methods. They have demonstrated excellent capability to retract visual features of objectives, even unnoticeable ones for humans, and analyze huge amounts of information within short periods. The number of researches applying DL-based models to real-time computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems has been increasing steadily in the GI endoscopy field. An array of published data has already demonstrated the advantages of DL-based CAD models in the detection and characterization of various neoplastic lesions, regardless of the level of the GI tract. Although the diagnostic performances and study designs vary widely, owing to a lack of academic standards to assess the capability of AI for GI endoscopic diagnosis fairly, the superiority of CAD models has been demonstrated for almost all applications studied so far. Most of the challenges associated with AI in the endoscopy field are general problems for AI models used in the real world outside of medical fields. Solutions have been explored seriously and some solutions have been tested in the endoscopy field. Given that AI has become the basic technology to make machines react to the environment, AI would be a major technological paradigm shift, for not only diagnosis but also treatment. In the near future, autonomous endoscopic diagnosis might no longer be just a dream, as we are witnessing with the advent of autonomously driven electric vehicles.
Sumiyama Kazuki, Futakuchi Toshiki, Kamba Shunsuke, Matsui Hiroaki, Tamai Naoto
Artificial Intelligence, CADe, CADx, Convolutional Neural Network, Deep Learning